Enhancing Food Security through the NCDF Group


Food security is a multifaceted challenge in Nigeria, exacerbated by the intricate interplay between population growth, agricultural productivity, and external factors such as conflict, climate change, and inflation. Against this backdrop, the Nigerian Capital Development Fund (NCDF Group) Group emerges as a key player dedicated to catalyzing sustainable development and combating food insecurity through strategic investments and innovative solutions.

The Nexus Between Population Growth and Agriculture Output

Between 2011 and 2020, Nigeria experienced an average agriculture output growth of 3.5%, while the population growth rate surged at over 2.6%. This demographic imbalance has given rise to present-day challenges such as food insecurity, hunger, and malnutrition. A meticulous study covering the period from 1986 to 2020 utilized two analytical models. The first model revealed a significant impact of population growth on agriculture output, emphasizing the need for targeted interventions. The second model underscored the positive correlation between economic growth, agriculture productivity, and population growth rate in Nigeria.

Current Food Insecurity Landscape

As of October 2022, an alarming projection indicates that nearly 25 million Nigerians are at risk of hunger between June and August 2023, surpassing the current estimate of 17 million. Drivers of this escalation include sustained conflict, climate change-induced challenges like flooding, inflation, and soaring food prices. Regions such as Borno, Adamawa, Yobe (BAY), and states like Katsina, Sokoto, Kaduna, Benue, and Niger are particularly vulnerable due to violence, banditry, and climate-related disruptions.

Vulnerable Demographics and Impending Risks

Children, especially those under five, represent the most vulnerable demographic in the face of food insecurity. Of the current 17 million food-insecure Nigerians, approximately 6 million are children in critical states. The risk of mortality due to acute malnutrition is significant, with projections indicating an increase in the number of children suffering from malnutrition. Immediate humanitarian action is imperative to address the large-scale crisis affecting displaced populations.

UNICEF's Endeavors and Projected Escalation

In 2022, UNICEF, in collaboration with partners, reached around 650,000 children with life-saving nutrition services across six states. Despite these efforts, the northwest region, encompassing Katsina, Zamfara, and Sokoto states, remains a growing hotspot for food insecurity and malnutrition. Urgent intervention is required to avert the projected increase to 4.3 million critically food-insecure individuals during the lean season.

Global Hunger Index and Extent of Malnutrition

Nigeria, in the 2023 Global Hunger Index, ranks 109th out of 125 countries, indicating a serious level of hunger with a score of 28.3. Malnutrition is pervasive, affecting 35 million children under five, with 12 million stunted, 3 million wasted, and 23.5 million anemics. The slow reduction in stunting at 1.4% per year underscores the urgency of comprehensive interventions.

Food Safety Challenges in Nigeria

Beyond food insecurity, Nigeria grapples with significant food safety challenges, driven by poor food handling practices, inadequate regulations, and a lack of awareness. Tackling these issues is pivotal to ensuring a secure and healthy food supply for the population.


In the face of Nigeria's complex food security challenges, the Nigerian Capital Development Fund (NCDF) Group emerges as a transformative force, strategically positioned to address the root causes. By providing patient capital, grants, and fostering innovation, the NCDF Group contributes to building a resilient economy and sustainable communities. As it continues to evolve and collaborate, the NCDF Group endeavors to pave the way for a Nigeria where future generations can flourish in an environment characterized by prosperity, opportunity, and food security. The comprehensive approach outlined by the NCDF Group aligns with the urgent needs of the nation, addressing not only the immediate crisis but also the underlying factors contributing to food insecurity.
As Nigeria faces the impending lean season and the risk of increased hunger, the NCDF Group's commitment to impact investing, climate action, and sustainable development is pivotal. The emphasis on digital economy initiatives, cluster community industrialization, and human development reflects a strategic focus on long-term solutions that go beyond immediate relief efforts. The evolving landscape of the NCDF Group, from its establishment to its current status as a key player in various sectors, underscores its adaptability and commitment to ambitious objectives. The institution's role in providing patient capital, grants for research and development, and support for businesses and institutions positions it as a catalyst for positive change.
In conclusion, the synergy between food security challenges in Nigeria and the transformative initiatives of the NCDF Group highlights the crucial role that strategic investments and sustainable development play in shaping the nation's future. As the NCDF Group continues its mission to empower every citizen and build sustainable communities, it stands as a beacon of hope and progress in Nigeria's journey towards a resilient, prosperous, and food-secure future.

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